Temporary Protected Status
What is temporary protected status?
A Temporary Protected Status designation provides temporary immigration status to immigrants of qualifying TPS countries to reside legally in the United States in order to escape hostile conditions in a home country. Currently, the United States designates six countries under the TPS program:
- El Salvador
If you apply and receive a Temporary Protected Status designation, your status should be secure for no less than six months and up to a year and a half.
How countries are chosen
The Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security decides whether or not to include countries based on a number of factors:
- Is there a civil war or other armed conflict which poses a clear and present danger to the safety of people of that country?
- Has the country recently suffered a catastrophic environmental problem that’s rendered living conditions unbearable?
- Are certain individuals at risk for prosecution if they return to their home countries?
Prior to the expiration of the TPS designation period, the Secretary will again reviews the conditions within the specified country and, if the hostile conditions still exist, decide whether or not to continue the TPS period. Once again, the extension could range between 6, 12 or 18 months.
Who is eligible?
- You must be a citizen of a designated TPS country.
- You must apply during the eligible country’s designated registration period.
- Applicant’s must be present in the U.S. continuously since the start of the registration period.
- Applicant’s are required to continuously live in the U.S. since the date published in the Federal Register notice of designation, which could be different from the TPS designation effective date.
Applying for Temporary Protected Status:
- Form I-821, Application for Temporary Protected Status and the appropriate filing fee
- provide proof of residence
- two photographs
- evidence of nationality
- Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization for applicants between the ages of 14 and 65 regardless of whether or not you are seeking employment authorization. If you are seeking employment authorization, there is a fee with this application. However, if you are not, there is no fee required with this form.